Growth management is something that is becoming more important and prominent as it is motivated by environmental considerations and ensuring future land development. Growth management policies are more common in suburban area or cities where there is still potential for growth. However, there are many controversies when it comes to growth management policies. For example, in Boulder, Colorado, people are arguing that there is a direct relation between high housing prices and growth management policies. Boulder limits the amount of building permits they give out each year (only 400 units a year) and the city also purchases a lot of land. This causes Boulder to have the most expensive housing market in any state not on a coast. Boulder has been experimenting with growth management for four decades and there has been many successes as well as failures. It was successful in protecting its “ring of green” but now faces the problem of focusing inside that ring and creating jobs and redevelopment opportunities. It is also becoming primarily white due to its lack of affordable housing, so they need to attempt to retain demographic balance. This is a very important aspect that they need to focus on. A lot of the growth management consequences affect cities around Boulder as well, so it is extremely significant to analyze and attempt to rectify the negative impacts of growth management. Boulder tries to eliminate the high housing prices with an affordable housing program. However, this only works for a limited number of low or moderate income people. For others who fall a little below or above this standard, the unaffordable housing is still a problem.
An example of state-level growth management is Florida. Growth management has not been a success in Florida, but rather it illustrates some of the complexities of growth management. Florida has significant environmental problems. The Growth Management Act added a level of control by requiring that before any new housing was built it had to be demonstrated that water, sewer, and road capacity was able to support it. Basically it imposed more control and avoided environmental degradation and congestion. However, many people were opposed to growth management and the state legislature rescinded the Growth Management Act.
Another good example of state-level growth management is New Jersey! New Jersey is the most densely populated state in the US. It is also subject to pressure by New York areas to develop. The results are pretty impressive and there is a lot of commercial and residential development as well as highway and traffic development. A lot of the wetland area has been restored and green building standards promoted.
Overall, growth management is not a simple task and often one rule or action can cause a lot of implications that are not even directly related to it. Therefore, each act must be carefully evaluated and every possible implication should try and be thought of.
O’Toole Randal. Cities Must End the Economic Apartheid of ‘Growth Management’. TheHill, 7 Oct.2017.
Levy, John M.. Contemporary urban planning. 2017.
Raismes, Hoyt, Pollock, Growth Management in Boulder, Colorado: A Case Study.