Pine Barrens Smart Growth
Pine Barrens is a heavily forested area in New Jersey. In 19th century, Pine Barrens was home to different kinds of industries, like mining, milling and glassmaking. Also, Pine Barrens was home to rural families. In 20th century, Pine Barnes remained deserted since its high percentage of nutrient-poor soil was not suitable for growing crops. In November 10, 1978, the US Congress learned the importance of Pine Barrens’ nature, agriculture, so New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve was published. In 1979, New Jersey Pinelands Commission implemented the Comprehensive Management Plan. This plan motivated to “preserve, protect, and enhance the natural cultural resources of the Pinelands National Reserve, and to encourage compatible economic and other human activities consistent with that purpose.” The government divided Pinelands into nine management areas to sale it to landowners who were required to continue to protect Pinelands. In fact, the protection went really well. In June 2015, half of the Pinelands had been protected pretty well, and the Commission successfully preserved and improved 94% of incharged areas. Thus, the smart growth of Pine Barrens was successfully preserved to grow crops and maintain green plants.
Chesterfield Township Smart Growth
Chesterfield Township is a township in Northern Burlington County in New Jersey. Chesterfield keeps more than 40% farmland in the state and it governs the most significant agricultural area in Garden State. Since 1970s, farmland preservation had become a big issue for Chesterfield, and exactly because of this, Chesterfield adopted Master Plan to maintain farmland preservation. Basically, the government ran farmland easement purchase program which lets famers to maintain ownerships of lands while restricting their agriculture uses. Till now, Chesterfield preserves over 30% of its total area as permanent farmland.
Furthermore, in order to avoid the conflicts between farmlands and housing, in 1989, Chesterfield passed the Burlington County Transfer of Development Rights(TDR) to use private market to promote conservation and development of urban housing.