Experienced three waves of environmental policies like Homestead Act and Antiquities Act, people start to gain the awareness and have some revolutionary changes in daily life. Even though known as Garden State, New Jersey has been faced environmental issues for a long time. Issues like terrible sewer system overflows, soil pollution and storm resilience threat the quality of life for NJ citizens. Follow the guidance of federal policies like the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) and Clean Air Acts, New Jersey start to mitigate environmental problems. There are two examples of how New Jersey deals with local environmental issues—Open Space Protection and Poor Air Quality.
Excluded by 42% forest lands, New Jersey has a lot of open spaces which provide the state with numerous benefits in areas of wildlife, agriculture and sustainability. Since New Jersey’s open space is so advantageous, in November 2014, majority of New Jersey voters approved a ballot to put state funds in protecting NJ open spaces. Thus, a legislative referred constitutional amendment approved to take up to 6 percent of business tax revenues to subsidize protecting open spaces in New Jersey. The business tax is mainly used in five programs: 1) 15% water quality. 2) 25% hazardous substance discharge 3)28% polluted site cleanup 4) 17% diesel air pollution control. 5) 15% improvements in parks and other preserved open space. This tax allocation would start in 2016 and end in 2045.
New Jersey is in severe poor air situation because of smog which endangers human health. New Jersey Global Advisors Smokefree Policy (GASF), a non-profit organization, has been helped New Jersey to solve air problems for over 40 years. GASF works for achieve maximum smoke-free in public places like parks, workplaces and schools There are few solutions that
GASF: 1) Smoke-free Housing. Building smoke-free housing mainly aims to avoid second-hand smoke. 2) Protecting children from tobacco marketing, sales, use and exposure. 3) Tracking tobacco control legislation.