According to “Contemporary Urban Planning” by John M. Levy, the implementation of zoning ordinances and Master Plans did not present themselves as merely positive, but also contained some negative aspects. The most successful accomplishments of zoning have also been its worst effect, which is the subdivision of the different uses within each individual town. Under zoning, sections of the town are reserved for specific uses such as residential, where people live, commercial and retail, where stores and restaurants are located, and industrial, which include not only industries, but also sometimes hospitals. Zoning has benefited many cities, especially where the land use pattern of the particular location has yet to be defined. However, in cities where urban areas already exist from years prior, then zoning is nearly unessential, unless the city council decides otherwise. There is also the case that if zoning separates the uses of land too far, namely residential, commercial, and even industrial, then there comes a necessity for highways and roads in order to provide easier and quicker access from homes to grocery stores, schools, and work. The expansion of highways and roads often force the city council to have to deal with another issue which is preservation of resources and natural lands. Then with the constant use of automobiles to get from one place to the other, the diminishing of resources, such as oil, is increasing as time goes by (Levy 145-149).
Some of the most notable achievements of zoning have been in creating a presentable, functional, and sustaining environment which is present in many cities such as in the township of Randolph, New Jersey. According to “Contemporary Urban Planning” by John M. Levy, a city is to revise their Master plans every ten years in order to accommodate for any changing aspects. Well, it was ten years ago on July 28 of 2006, that the Randolph township council had initiated their Master plan. Thus the council held a meeting on September 1 of 2016 in order to re-examine the area, where in turn several new projects were implemented. The most noted was the Mount Freedom area of Randolph where the goal would be to create a village center with a relaxing environment. Finally, In the new plan, the council would also provide funding for renovations to the local Museum, the Brundage, Freedom, Heinsteins and Randolph parks (“Randolph Township Council re-examines 2006 Master Plan” 2016).
In contrast, some of the most notable issues of, not particularly zoning, but in the ability of companies and industries to be able to initiate the construction of sites that are detrimental to the community and outside of the initial master plan. In one of case, there is the issue of Williams energy company’s desire to construct a new 32,000 horsepower gas- powered compressor station in Franklin township, New Jersey. The Company stated that it would be the sixth largest compressor station in New Jersey, and would assist in supplying gas to New York. Despite the opposing resolutions by both South Brunswick and Franklin Township, the company is still looking to initiate the project during the Summer of 2018. The reasons for this is because the Federal government holds the final decisions when it comes to issues regarding regulation of natural gas.
“Our township attorney has emphasized to both Mayor and Council the legal reality that the regulation of natural gas falls within the exclusive jurisdiction of the federal government and these facilities are not subject to local ordinances, building codes or land use controls. Federal preemption prevents any local government from regulating any part of the process or the facilities”
Aside from the disapproval of the townships, the people are also very strongly opposed mainly because of concerns regarding loud noises and vibrations that are equivalent to that of a jet engine, health consequences that could arise from such noises, and the noxious fumes that have been noted to cause nosebleeds. There is also a concern regarding the Edison Natural Gas Explosion of 1994 where one thousand and five hundred people were evacuated, with one person dead, and whether or not this can be the fate of this new pipeline. Not to mention that many people are frightened if the pipeline will be able to withstand a hurricane (“Plan for Williams Compressor Station Sparks Fierce Local Opposition in Franklin” 2016).
The accomplishments of zoning and the Master plans of cities are not to be overlooked, especially when it involves certain companies that have a desire to expand their own business. Many companies, such as Williams energy company, will provide a reason that involves the promoting of the health, safety, morals, and welfare of the town, which in that case was oil and its distribution to not just New Jersey, but also New York. Which is deemed expectable in many places because oil has proven to be an essential for many people who have to drive for hours in order to get to work, school, or the nearest supermarket. However, with the ever decreasing amount of resources available, could zoning ordinances be organized in such a way that they can slowly, but surely decrease the need for the oil and automobiles? Is a city with walkways and bike lanes, instead of Highways and roads, an achievable goal or even a worthwhile goal?