Urban land use planning is a challenging exercise in developing countries. It is a known fact that Urban Planning in practice, most times, is deciding in what ways an urban center should be kept as it is or altered. Contemporary examples of planned cities include Brasília, the federal capital of Brazil, Rotterdam, main seaport of the Netherlands, Chandigarh, the joint capital of the Indian states of Haryana and Punjab, Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan, and Abuja, the capital of Nigeria. Hardly can one get an opportunity of deciding what a city should look like before building it. In African cities, for instance in Nigeria, most urban centers grew organically. Cities sprang up from rural settlements, forming twin city development or dual city development. The organic core is greatly influenced by the traditional land tenure system and therefore hampers the implementation of Urban land use plans. In addition, undeveloped areas around the organic core are also influenced by the traditional system of land ownership. In the larger U.S. cities, physical deterioration, crowding, and complex socioeconomic factors have produced vast slums. Most urban renewal programs of the mid-20th cent. were aimed at clearing these slums through the demolition of decayed buildings and the construction of low-income and middle-income housing projects. It was found, however, that the mere replacement of old buildings with new structures did not eliminate slum conditions. Over the years, we have observed that this form of land ownership remain very strong and form one of the pressing issues of effective urban land use planning in developing countries.urban planning in cities in the developing world suffer from as wide a list of constraints such as economic, political and sometimes some of the constraints of ethnicity. In the case, of Algeria rational use of the land as a nonrenewable wealth did hardly figure in the annals of development practices, this is probably the primary to the lack of political will and other ideologies inherited from the colonial period. Regional planning and government in the UK is undergoing a period of tremendous activity, with a wide range of new policies, innovative techniques and experiments being tested. This volume provides an overview of developments, describing and analyzing the legislative, political and economic contexts within which changes are occurring, and assessing the continuing difficulties that face planners and others operating in the new arrangements for regional planning. The social, economic and ecological problems caused by rapid urbanization and urban design policies that exacerbated existing issues, came to shape contemporary urban design theory.

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